It doesn’t matter if gas oil pipeline is utilized in the downstream, midstream, upstream sector; the type of ‘product’ to be moved, the delivery phase, and the industry to which it belongs all influence the pipeline type. As a hot tapping engineer, you’ll already be familiar with all of these. You may learn more about the many kinds of pipelines and what they’re used for if you continue reading.
Types of Pipelines
- Gathering Pipelines
- Transmission Pipelines
- Distribution Pipelines
- Feeder Pipelines
Oil and gas are transported from the source via gathering pipelines to processing facilities or store tanks. Flowlines, which connect to each ground wells, are the most prevalent method of delivering water to these areas. Also included in this category are the subsea pipes used to collect goods from deep water fabrication platforms natural gas, natural gas liquids, crude oil, such as butane, ethane and propane, are common cargoes transported by gathering pipelines.
For transporting NGLs, crude oil, refined products and natural gas across large distances, transmission pipes are employed.
There are several types of transmission pipelines, including gas lines, oil lines, and water lines. They are utilized for moving the product to distribution centers.
Main and service line make up the distribution pipeline system, which is used by delivery corporations. Together, they’re responsible for delivering gas to nearby residences and businesses. Pipelines referred to as “mains” are the intermediate step in between service lines and high-pressure lines. Steel, plastic, cast iron, and copper are among the materials utilized to make these pipes.
Flowlines link to a single wellhead in an oil field that is already producing oil. Moving unrefined product from wellhead to collection lines is the primary function of these equipment. They are typically less than 12″ in diameter and carry oil mixture, water, gas, and sand. In the US, the EPA estimates that flowlines are one of the main sources of gas sector emissions.
For long-distance transmission pipes, feeder pipelines transport the product from production areas and store tanks. Natural gas or gas liquids, crude oil, may be the product. 6 to 12 inches diameter feed lines are the most common size for feeder lines.
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